Wageningen University, The Netherlands; university of Johannesburg, south Africa; Stellenbosch University, south Africa


You are watching: You feel an unnatural power runescape

The rhino-poaching dilemm in south Africa, according to many concerned citizens, preservation organisations and also governments, is ‘out of control’. V over 1000 rhinos poached in each of 2013, 2014 and 2015, the dilemm has motivated a huge response, much of which heavily depends on online tools to advanced funds and awareness. The record analyses emotive discourses and imaginaries as part of dominant online responses come the rhino-poaching crisis and also found that these are mainly espoused by whites and also show a concerned penchant in the direction of (extreme) violence. Structure on a theorisation the the links between race, nature, influence and control, the file hypothesises the these responses reflect a ‘politics that hysteria’. This politics catches the employed staff of affective and emotive expressions together a method to demand regulate over a situation ‘out that control’ in the context of historical and modern South afri political economic situations of racial inequality. And also as these expressions frequently tend towards exaggerated or extreme violence, they become potent forms of politics mobilisation and also intervention. Brand-new media space a an important ingredient the this potency, and the document concludes the this opens up up important brand-new questions around the relations in between race, nature and violence.


Agamben, G (1998) Homo Sacer. Sovereign Power and also Bare Life, Stanford: Stanford college Press. Google Scholar | Crossref
Ahmed, S (2004) The social Politics the Emotions, Edinburgh: Edinburgh university Press. Google Scholar
Biggs, D, Courchamp, F, Martin, R (2013) Legal profession of Africa’s rhino horns. Scientific research 339(6123): 1038–1039. Google Scholar | Crossref | Medline | ISI
Boelstorff, T, Nardi, B, Pearce, C (2012) Ethnography and Virtual World. A Handbook the Methods, Princeton: Princeton university Press. Google Scholar | Crossref
Brockington, D (2002) Fortress Conservation. The conservation of the Mkomazi game Reserve, Tanzania, Oxford: James Currey. Google Scholar
Brooks, S (2005) images of ‘wild Africa’: Nature tourism and also the (re)creation that Hluhluwe game reserve, 1930–1945. Newspaper of Historical location 31(2): 220–240. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Brooks, S, Spierenburg, M, van Brakel, together (2011) developing a commodified wilderness: Tourism, private game farming, and ‘third nature’ landscapes in KwaZulu Natal. Journal of Economic and also Social location 102(3): 260–274. Google Scholar | ISI
Brown, G, Pickerill, J (2009) an are for feeling in the spaces the activism. Emotion, space and culture 2(1): 24–35. Google Scholar | Crossref
Bunn, D (2003) one unnatural state: Tourism, water and wildlife photography in the early Kruger nationwide Park. In: Beinart, W, McGregor, J (eds) Social background and afri Environments, Oxford: James Currey, pp. 199–220. Google Scholar
Büscher B and also Ramutsindela M (2016) eco-friendly violence: Rhino poaching and also the war to save southern Africa’s tranquility parks. African Affairs 115(458): 1--22. Google Scholar
Butler, G, Richardson, S (2015) obstacles to visiting south Africa’s national parks in the post-apartheid era: Black southern African perspectives indigenous Soweto. Journal of Sustainable travel 23(1): 146–166. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Carruthers, J (1995) The Kruger nationwide Park. A Social and Political History, Pietermaritzburg: university of Natal Press. Google Scholar
Clough, N (2012) Emotion at the center of radical politics: ~ above the affective structures of rebellion and control. Antipode 44(5): 1667–1686. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Cousins, J, Evans, J, Sadler, J (2009) ‘I’ve paid to watch lions, not map roads!’ – An emotionally journey with conservation volunteer in south Africa. Geoforum 40(6): 1069–1080. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Dressler, W, Büscher, B (2008) market triumphalism and the so-called CBNRM ‘crisis’ in ~ the south African section of the great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. Geoforum 39(1): 452–465. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Duffy, R (2014) Waging a battle to conserve biodiversity: The climb of militarized conservation. International Affairs 90(4): 819–834. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Duffy, R, Emslie, R, Knight, M (2013) Rhino Poaching: just how Do we Respond?, London: proof on Demand. Google Scholar | Crossref
Hartnack A (2014) Whiteness and shades the grey: Erasure, amnesia and also the ethnography that Zimbabwe’s whites. Newspaper of modern African researches 33(2): 285--299. Google Scholar
Hughes D (2010) Whiteness in Zimbabwe. Race, Landscape, and also the trouble of Belonging. Brand-new York: Palgrave MacMillan. Google Scholar
Humpreys, J, Smith, M (2014) The ‘rhinofication’ of southern African security. International Affairs 90(4): 795–818. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Igoe, J (2004) Conservation and also Globalization: A study of nationwide Parks and also Indigenous areas from east Africa to south Dakota, Belmont: Wadsworth. Google Scholar
Karatzogianni, A, Kuntsman, A (2012) Digital Cultures and also the national politics of Emotion. Feelings, affect and technological Change, Basingstoke: Palgrave. Google Scholar | Crossref
Kepe, T (2009) shame by race: Why “race” still matters in the obstacles facing biodiversity conservation in Africa. Local setting 14(9): 871–878. Google Scholar | Crossref
Kozinets, R (2010) Netnography. Law Ethnographic study Online, London: Sage. Google Scholar
Kuntsman, A (2012) Introduction: Affective fabrics of digital cultures. In: Karatzogianni, A, Kuntsman, A (eds) Digital Cultures and also the national politics of Emotion. Feelings, influence and technical Change, Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 1–20. Google Scholar | Crossref
Lorimer, J (2015) Wildlife in the Anthropocene. Conservation after ~ Nature, Minneapolis: university of Minnesota Press. Google Scholar | Crossref
Lorimer, J, Whatmore, S (2009) ~ the ‘king the beasts’: Samuel Baker and the embodied historic geographies of elephant hunting in mid-nineteenth-century Ceylon. Newspaper of Historical location 35(4): 668–689. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Lovink, G (2011) Networks without a Cause: A Critique of social Media, Cambridge: polity Press. Google Scholar
Lunstrum, E (2014) environment-friendly militarization: Anti-poaching efforts and also the spatial contours of Kruger nationwide Park. Annals the the American association of Geographers 104(4): 816–832. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Lunstrum E (2016) feeding them come the lions: conservation violence go online. Geoforum, in press. Google Scholar
Maguranyanga B (2009) “Our battles additionally changed”: revolution and black empowerment in southern African nationwide parks, 1991–2008. Doctor thesis, university of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Google Scholar
Milliken, T, Shaw, J (2012) The south Africa – Viet Nam Rhino Horn trade Nexus: A Deadly combination of Institutional Lapses, corrupt Wildlife industry Professionals and Asian Crime Syndicates, Johannesburg: TRAFFIC. Google Scholar
Moore, D (2005) experiencing for Territory. Race, Place, and also Power in Zimbabwe, Durham: fight it out University Press. Google Scholar | Crossref
Moore, D, Pandian, A, Kosek, J (2003) Introduction. The cultural politics the race and also nature: Terrains of power and also practice. In: Moore, D, Kosek, J, Pandian, A (eds) Race, Nature, and the national politics of Difference, Durham: battle each other University Press, pp. 1–70. Google Scholar | Crossref
Neumann, R (1998) Imposing Wilderness: battles Over Livelihoods and Nature preservation in Africa, Berkeley: university of California Press. Google Scholar
Neumann, R (2004) Moral and also discursive geographies in the battle for biodiversity in Africa. Political location 23(7): 813–837. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Rademeyer, J (2012) Killing for Profit. Exposing the Illegal Rhino Horn Trade, Cape Town: Zebra Press. Google Scholar
Ritzer, G, Jurgenson, N (2010) Production, consumption, prosumption: The nature of capitalism in the period of the digital ‘prosumer’. Newspaper of Consumer culture 10(3): 13–36. Google Scholar | SAGE newspaper | ISI
Rogerson, C (2004) Transforming the south African tourism industry: The arising black-owned bed and also breakfast economy. GeoJournal 60: 273–281. Google Scholar | Crossref
Scull A (2009) Hysteria: The Biography. Oxford: Oxford college Press. Google Scholar
Seekings, J (2008) The continuing salience that race: Discrimination and diversity in southern Africa. Journal of contemporary African researches 26(1): 1–25. Google Scholar | Crossref
Steyn, M (2001) Whiteness just Isn’t What It supplied to Be. White identification in a transforming South Africa, Albany: SUNY Press. Google Scholar
Steyn, M, Foster, D (2008) Repertoires for talk white: Resistant whiteness in post-apartheid southern Africa. Ethnic and also Racial research studies 31(1): 25–51. Google Scholar | Crossref | ISI
Thrift, N (2004) Intensities of feeling: in the direction of a spatial politics of affect. Geografiska Annaler 86B(1): 57–78. Google Scholar | Crossref
Unterhalte, E (2000) The job-related of the nation: Heroic masculinity in south African autobiographical composing of the anti-apartheid struggle. European journal of advance Research 12(2): 157–178. Google Scholar | Crossref
Zwick, D, Bonsu, S, Darmody, A (2008) placing consumers come work. Co-creation and new marketing govern-mentality.

See more: Johnny'S Burritos Menu : Prices And Delivery, Johnny'S Burritos Of Imperial

Journal of Consumer society 8(2): 163–196. Google Scholar | SAGE doyourpartparks.org | ISI