The circulation of electric Charges is well-known as Electricity, and it is responsible for developing electric current. In this Fast growing Era, electrical power has end up being really vital for human being Beings, native the pan in a small room to the heavy machines in huge factories, whatever works ~ above Electricity. Crucial word connected with electricity is Electric Potential. A Potential difference is forced to develop the circulation of electrons and hence, produce electricity. Let’s learn about Electric potential and also how a Potential distinction is Created.

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### Electric Potential

It is the work done every unit fee in bespeak to bring that charge from infinity to a allude in the electrostatic field versus the ar force. Electrical Potential is additionally referred together Voltage. The SI unit for electrical Potential or electric Potential difference is Voltage or Volts. Electric potential is a scalar quantity.
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In the above figure, +Q is the charge producing an electric field, the task is to carry a unit charge (+q) indigenous infinity (anywhere exterior the electrical field) to a point inside the electrical field versus the field. Since, the electrostatic force created by the electric field will certainly be versus the unit charge, some work-related done is compelled by the unit fee in order to move from one of two people infinity to somewhere in the field, or native one allude to one more in the field.If the work-related is done to move the fee from infinity to allude X, it will be called as electrical potential at X (Vx).If the occupational is done to relocate the charge from infinity to point Y, It will be dubbed as electrical potential in ~ Y (Vy).If the job-related is excellent to relocate the charge from X come Y, it will be called as the potential difference between x and also y (Vxy).Formula for electric Potential:Electric Potential/ Voltage = job-related Done / Unit ChargeSI unit for electric Potential:V = W/q = Joules/ coulomb = VoltsTherefore, the SI unit for electric Potential is Volts or Voltage.1 Volt = 1 Joule/ 1 coulomb1 Volt have the right to be characterized as 1 joule of occupational done in order to move 1 coulomb of charge

### Electric Potential Difference

Imagine a ball sitting at some height, will certainly there it is in some energy in the ball? Yes, the power is referred to as as Potential energy and also if the sphere is dropped indigenous a point A come B height, the sphere will always fall from higher gravitational potential come lower, then there will be a distinction in both the energies. The electric potential distinction is analogical to this concept.
Potential Energy presented of the round at elevation A and also B
The energy possessed by electrical charges is recognized as electric energy. A fee with higher potential will have much more potential energy and the charge through lesser potential will have actually less potential energy. The current always moves from higher potential to reduced potential. The distinction in these energies every unit charge is known as the electric potential difference.In bespeak to produce electricity and also the circulation of current, a potential difference is always required which is preserved by a battery or a cell.
A Cell
The much longer side represents higher potential (+ve terminal) and also the much shorter side represents lower potential (- terminal).The electric potential distinction is measured by a Voltmeter i m sorry is used parallel come the Instrument whose Voltage is to it is in measured.
A Voltmeter
Definition of electrical potential differenceIt is the work-related done per unit charge to relocate a unit charge from one allude to another in an electrical field. Electric potential distinction is generally referred together Voltage difference.Formula for electrical potential differenceVxy= Vx – Vy = /qSI Unit of electrical Potential DifferenceThe SI Unit of electrical potential difference is same as the electrical potential, i.e; Voltage or Volts.Note: Why a unit charge is taken to explain the concept of electric Potential?A little unit charge will have very small electric ar which will neither impact not distort the field developed by the bigger charge and also hence, the concept can be described easily.

### Ohm’s Law

According to Ohm’s Law, The current flowing through a conductor is straight proportional to the voltage detailed the conductivity and also temperature stays constant.While remove the proportionality, a new consistent is presented known together the Resistance.V ∝ IV = IRWhere, V= Voltage across the conductorI= current flowing in the wireR= Resistance offered by the conductor in ohms

### Sample Problems

Question 1: A charge of 10mC is relocated from infinity come a allude A in electrical field, the occupational done in this process is 20 Joules. What is the Potential difference.Solution:V= W/qW= 20 joulesq= 10mCV= 20/10×10-3= 2kVTherefore, the potential emerged is 2000volts.Question 2: A charge of 50mC is relocated from one point to an additional (from A come B) The voltage in ~ A is 50kV and the Voltage at B is 30kV, uncover the work-related done by the charge.Solution:VAB= VA– VB= 50kV- 30kV = 20kVWork excellent = V× q= 20kV × 50mC= 100 JoulesQuestion 3: What room the SI systems of these adhering to quantities,Energy, Potential Difference, Charge, ResistanceAnswer:The SI units of the above-mentioned quantities:Energy⇢ JoulesPotential Difference⇢VoltageCharge⇢CoulombResistance⇢OhmsQuestion 4: find the existing through the circuit as soon as the voltage across the terminal is 30V and also the resistance readily available by the conductor is 10ohm.Solution:According come ohms Law,V= IR30V = i × 10ohmI= 3 AmperesTherefore, the existing through the circuit is 3 amperes.Question 5: What is the difference between Electric Potential and also Electric Potential difference.

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Answer:Electric Potential is the work-related done every unit charge in stimulate to carry the charge from infinity come a allude in electrical field while electric potential distinction is the Potential emerged while relocating a fee from one allude to an additional in the field itself.The SI Unit the both electric potential and electric potential difference is Volts/ Voltage.