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Ramayana, (Sanskrit: “Rama’s Journey”) shorter of the two good epic poems that India, the various other being the Mahabharata (“Great epos of the Bharata Dynasty”). The Ramayana was created in Sanskrit, probably not prior to 300 bce, by the poet Valmiki and also in that is present type consists of some 24,000 couplets separated into seven books.
Ravana, the many-headed demon-king, detail from a painting of the Ramayana, c. 1720; in the Cleveland Museum the Art.
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The poem explains the royal birth of the god Rama in the kingdom that Ayodhya (Oudh), his tutelage under the sage Vishvamitra, and his success in bending Shiva’s mighty bow in ~ the bridegroom tournament of Sita, the daughter that King Janaka, thus winning her for his wife. After ~ Rama is banished indigenous his place as heir come the kingdom through a palace intrigue, he retreats to the forest with his wife and also his favourite half brother, Lakshmana, to spend 14 years in exile. There Ravana, the demon-king the Lanka, carries turn off Sita to his capital while her two protectors space busy pursuing a golden deer sent to the woodland to mislead them. Sita resolutely rejects Ravana’s attentions, and also Rama and also his brother collection out to rescue her. After numerous adventures, they go into into alliance with Sugriva, king the the monkeys, and, v the help of the monkey-general Hanuman and Ravana’s very own brother, Vibhishana, they attack Lanka. Rama slays Ravana and also rescues Sita, that undergoes an ordeal by fire in bespeak to clean herself the suspicions that infidelity. As soon as they go back to Ayodhya, however, Rama learns the the human being still concern the queen’s chastity, and also he banishes she to the forest. There she meets the sage Valmiki (the reputed writer of the Ramayana) and at his hermitage provides birth come Rama’s 2 sons. The family is reunited as soon as the sons come the age, however Sita, ~ again protesting her innocence, plunges into the earth, her mother, that receives her and also swallows she up.