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Key People:Richard StallmanKenneth lane ThompsonDennis M. Ritchie...(Show more)Related Topics:computer programming languageprocedural language...(Show more)
C, computer programming language arisen in the early on 1970s through American computer scientist Dennis M. Ritchie at Bell Laboratories (formerly at & t Bell Laboratories). C to be designed as a minimalist language come be provided in composing operating systems for minicomputers, such together the DEC PDP 7, which had actually very limited memories compared with the mainframe computer systems of the period. The language was devised during 1969–73, together the early advance of the UNIX operation system. That was based on CPL (Combined Programming Language), which had been first condensed right into the B programming language—a stripped-down computer programming language—created in 1969–70 by Ken Thompson, an American computer scientist and also a partner of Ritchie. Ritchie consequently rewrote and revitalized features native CPL to develop C and also eventually rewrote the UNIX operating device in the new language.
As the UNIX device was enhanced, a collection of changes took ar in C in between 1977 and 1979. Throughout this time a summary of the language became widely accessible through a book, The C Programming Language (1978), through Brian W. Kernighan and also Ritchie. In the mid-1980s it became important to create an main standard because that C, since it was being provided in tasks subject to commercial and also government contracts. In 1983 the American nationwide Standards academy (ANSI) set up a committee that additional amended and standardized the language. Due to the fact that then C has been described as ANSI traditional C, and it remains renowned in the people of UNIX-like operation systems. C also became among the most typical programming languages provided for composing other system software and applications. Descendants of C incorporate Concurrent C, target C, C*, C#, and also the widely used C++. The programming language Java was introduced in 1994 together a streamlined subset that C because that deployment end the Internet and for use in portable devices with limited memory or limited processing capabilities.
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The editor of Encyclopaedia doyourpartparks.orgThis post was most recently revised and also updated through Erik Gregersen.